TuxMobil: Linux with Laptops, PDAs, Mobile Phones and Portable Computers
PRINT version of "Debian GNU/Linux Laptop & Notebook Distribution - Unofficial Proposal"
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Though laptops and notebooks are different from desktops, there is currently no Linux distribution with a dedicated laptop and notebook support. This proposal provides an outline of such a project for Debian .

Back to Debian/GNU Linux and Knoppix for Laptops, Notebooks, PDAs, Mobile Phones, Portable Players, ...


Writing the Linux Mobile Guide - Installing, Maintaining and Tuning of Linux on Mobile Computers, I noticed there is no Linux distribution dedicated to the needs of laptop and notebook users available. Since Debian/GNU Linux(http://www.debian.org) is my favorite distribution I started to collect information about laptop and notebook related Debian packages. Though this text reflects my personal thoughts only. It's not an official Debian document. I'm following two objectives:

Desktops and laptops are different. Usually:

Therefore Debian support for laptops should contain:


Kernel support should consist of two parts: laptop devices and optimization.

Support of Laptop Devices and Different Network Configurations

The following devices should be considered: PCMCIA, USB, IrDA, (Video In and Out), Sound, APM, Framebuffer, GGI. Also support for certain laptop models should be included, e.g. Thinkpad, Toshiba. And different network configurations, e.g. Mobile IP, DHCP can be supported.


Usually for every new graphics card there has to be a Linux X server developed. Framebuffer is kind of 'generic' graphics card support, at least if the card manufacturers follow the VESA VBE standard.

Framebuffer devices could use the hardware better, they avoid the current video memory mapping 'concept'. Please see Framebuffer-HOWTO(http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/) for detailed arguments.

General Graphics Interface - GGI

GGI "is a complete rewrite of the Linux console subsystem that gives the standard Linux Virtual Consoles (VCs) pixel-graphics drawing and display capabilities, an enhanced and flexible message-based console IO subsystem, and a suite of GGI-native userspace libraries, platforms, APIs, utilities and applications." GGI Project(http://www.ggi-project.org)

Similar arguments as for framebuffer support. Though I'm not sure whether there is support for laptop graphics chips yet. Please read the GGI-FAQ for further arguments.


Optimization could be done in size, speed and flexibility. Therefore a kernel should be build as modularized as possible, which seems Debian standard already (though I didn't check Debian-Policy yet). And CPU dependent compile flags should be used for certain processor architectures e.g. Pentium, Pentium-M, single-core, multi-core.

Since there are so many kernel options related to laptops and so much different machines and user profiles around, I think no distribution can satisfy every laptop user. As a laptop user you should love to build your custom anyway.



Debian support for laptops can be done as a suggested 'metapackage'. Metapackages are a new feature of Debian. They are "packages that depend on a group of packages that relate to a common activity, like playing games or developing C programs." Therefore it might better not to call such a project a 'distribution'.

The tasksel(http://packages.debian.org/tasksel) package contains a "laptop" entry already:

Task: laptop
Section: hware
Description: Laptop
 This is a collection of tools that laptop users will expect to find on a
 system. It includes some special utilities for IBM Thinkpad, Sony Vaio,
 Toshiba, and Dell Inspiron laptops.
 # XXX What about acpi?
 # Hardware-specific
 # for toshiba:
 # for thinkpads:
 # Note that this needs a kernel module, and prebuild modules are not
 # currenlty available.
 # vaio
 # Left out until there is less assembly required.


Optimizations could be done in speed , file size and memory usage.

Optimization of Speed

Better speed could be achieved by compiling the packages with compiler flags according to the CPU, e.g. Pentium. This topic is already discussed controversely at the debian-devel mailing list (e.g. 07/99 subject: Pentium Optimized). I dare to quote Anderson MacKay:

"... be aware that Pentium optimizations only make a big, noticeable difference for the original and MMX Intel Pentium (not PPro, not P2, not P3, not K6, etc.) processors. The big speedup is because the compiler/assembler reschedules integer instructions so that they can execute in parallel inside the Pentium's two integer pipelines (which have rather primitive inter-pipeline conflict/dependency resolution hardware). Most CPUs since then (Cyrix 6x86MX/M2, AMD K6-series, and Intel P6-series including PPro, P2, P3, and Celeron) have better conflict and dependency analysis/resolution hardware (or can execute out-of-order), and don't gain much from Pentium-specific optimizations. In fact, most other CPUs run better with plain old i386 or i486 code than they do with Pentium-optimized code. That said, Pentium optimizations *should* really help out owners of the genuine Intel Pentium (and MMX) processors..."

Available in Potato is a script pentium-builder, which may help recompiling. But I didn't check things like apt-get -b source <packagename> to rebuild a pentium-optimized package, yet. Another method to compile an optimized package could be the use of the build daemon buildd. Quotation from Debian Developer's Reference - Chapter 8 - Porting and Being Ported:

"The buildd system is used as a distributed, client-server build distribution system. It is usually used in conjunction with auto-builders, which are ``slave'' hosts which simply check out and attempt to auto-build packages which need to be ported. There is also an email interface to the system, which allows porters to ``check out'' a source package (usually one which cannot yet be autobuilt) and work on it.

buildd is not yet available as a package; however, most porting efforts are either using it currently or planning to use it in the near future. It collects a number of as yet unpackaged components which are currently very useful and in use continually, such as andrea, sbuild and wanna-build.


We are very excited about this system, since it potentially has so many uses. Independent development groups can use the system for different sub-flavors of Debian, which may or may not really be of general interest (for instance, a flavor of Debian built with gcc bounds checking). It will also enable Debian to recompile entire distributions quickly."

Maybe it's not necessary to recompile every package, but some like X, Gnome, Gimp, etc.

You may find the thread 'package compilation madness' started by Drew Parsons in the February 2000 archiv of <debian-laptop@lists.debian.org> useful. It contains some caveats and their solutions.

The topic was mentioned different times in Debian Weekly News - DWN:
CPU optimized Debian builds? Every once in a while, the [29](http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-0205/msg02210.html)question pops up why Debian does not support pentium-optimised or athlon-optimised binaries for that particular processor. However, as Michael Stone [30](http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-0205/msg02220.html)points out nobody did some research to [31](http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-0205/msg02237.html)back up the idea of things running significantly faster. Daniel Burrows also [32](http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-0205/msg02258.html)noted that we don't provide an optimised glibc due to unforseen bugs with its optimisation.

Custom Compilation on a Laptop? Johannes Graumann [48](http://lists.debian.org/debian-laptop-0306/msg00306.html) wondered if custom compiling of packages would be better suited for machines with limited resources like a laptop. Russell Coker [49](http://lists.debian.org/debian-laptop-0306/msg00309.html) explained that the resources to compile a package are vastly greater than those required to just install a binary Debian package.

Benchmarking Debian's Performance. Indranath Neogy tried to [35](http://articles.linmagau.org/modules.php?op=modload&name=Sections&file=index&req=viewarticle&artid=227&page=1) explained that the discover what kind of gains the source based nature of Gentoo might give it over Debian and Mandrake. The tests included timing how long it took to open a large sheet in Gnumeric, how long to compile the Linux kernel and how long to perform various operations in GIMP. Gentoo was expected to lead in the tests, but the results showed no significant variation between the distributions. Simple recompiling doesn't seem to speed things up, fine grained tuning may.

The package dbuild(http://packages.debian.org/dbuild) will take one or more Debian source packages and build the corresponding binary packages. This can, in theory, be used to build the whole distribution from sources.

Optimization of File Size

Smaller package size can be achieved by stripping the binaries. This is Debian standard already.

Optimization of Memory Usage

Instead of CPU optimized compilations it's maybe better to improve memory allocation, to avoid swapping. These techniques include the usage of small and shared libraries. Or usage of one file instead of many C files.


In some cases laptops need certain installation methods (via PCMCIA, without CD drive, etc.), or specific boot media (e.g. Toshiba Tecra). There is already support for this in Debian. For a survey of installation methods see the Linux Mobile Guide - Installing, Maintaining and Tuning of Linux on Mobile Computers.

Installation from Network

Gilles Lamiral <lamiral_at_mail.dotcom.fr> wrote in his PLIP Install HOWTO: "This HOWTO will be obsolete when every Linux distribution includes a PLIP install option. For example, the Debian installation only needs to add two commands to make this HOWTO obsolete (ifconfig + route). I hope one Debian maintainer will consider this point."

Installation from Floppy

With these USB boot floppy [archived link] images you can run the installation system of Debian Woody on a system with no floppy drives, using an external floppy/LS-120 drive attached via .

Common Installation Caveats

Question: "I was able to get it to boot off the floppies and start the installation, but my screen size seems to be such that I cannot see the last 4 or 5 lines at the bottom."

Answer: Try to use FrameBuffer mode, e.g. enter vga=791 at the boot prompt or check your BIOS.

Wish List

I know that wishing doesn't help much, therefore this list is meant to show what might be possible.

Hardware Detection

Since the hardware used in laptops is not always supported by Linux, it's is necessary to have some information before buying a new one. Usually the information given by the manufacturers is often not useful. Therefore it is a common custom to describe your laptops features at the WWW. Kenneth E. Harker(http://www.linux-on-laptops.com/) maintains a great database of these pages. To make this task easier I would like to have a tool, which generates such a report. Though there are numerous hardware detections programs available already. Unfortunately I couldn't find one, which is suitable for laptops.

Some suggested features:

Survey of some existing packages, there are probably more.

We shouldn't make a Debian laptop hardware detection program. But the projects I checked, didn't support certain laptop hardware detection yet. For instance, I would like to have IrDA controller, ACPI and VESA/VBE correctly detected. Of course the actual list is longer. - Therefore my intension is, to have some laptop people working together with a good hardware detection program. Personally I prefer the Mandrake - Lothar - Project (but this has to be researched). And an according Debian package should be provided (see also Debian packages hwtools(http://packages.debian.org/hwtools) and tpctl(http://packages.debian.org/tpctl)).


InterMezzo(http://inter-mezzo.org/) is a new distributed file system with a focus on high availability. InterMezzo is an Open Source project, currently on Linux (2.2 and 2.3). A primary target of our development is to provide support for flexible replication of directories, with disconnected operation and a persistent cache. For example, we want to make it easy to manage copies of home directories on multiple computers, and solve the laptop/desktop synchronization problems. On a larger scale we aim to provide replication of large file repositories, for example to support high availability for servers. InterMezzo was deeply inspired by the Coda File System, but totally re-designed and re-engineered.


apmcd(ftp://ftp.binary9.net/pub/linux/) is used to configure a set of actions to take when the discharge of the batteries reach various states. Can also be triggered by change in AC status and a change in battery status. Note: I didn't check whether this features are merged into one package (apmd eventually) already.

Mergemem Project

Many programs contain memory areas of the same content that remain undetected by the operating system. Typically, these areas contain data that have been generated on startup and remain unchanged for longer periods. With mergemem(http://www.complang.tuwien.ac.at/ulrich/mergemem/) such areas are detected and shared. The sharing is performed on the operating system level and is invisible to the user level programs. mergemem is particularily useful if you run many instances of interpreters and emulators (like Java or Prolog) that keep their code in private data areas. But also other programs can take advantage albeit to a lesser degree. Note: I didn't check whether this features are merged into the kernel already.

Theft Protection Software

Though there are some solutions to protect laptops from being stolen available already (you may see my Linux-Mobile-Guide and Databases of Stolen Laptops , I find this letter from Jon Anderson <jon_at_locust.co.uk> quite interesting:

"Use the power of the laptop! I read recently that several laptops were recovered as they were running the RC5DES distributed computing client Distributed.Net(http://www.distributed.net) this exchanged http requests on a regular basis and was used to trap the thief after they went on the net with their new toy!

Perhaps a more targeted system would be if someone (maybe me if anyone is interested) could set up a host on the net and then you just add a ping to that host into your ppp-on script (dial on demand etc) with the -p option to pass data in the packet with a unique reference number. That way if the laptop is ever stolen you could enter in the unique number and get tracking information as to where the laptop was last registered as connecting to the net from etc?"

Maybe it makes sense to develop such a program for Linux.

Theft Protection Hardware

I'm still looking for a sophisticated and payable solution. The only notebook I know, which includes a smartcard protection is the Siemens Scenic Mobile 800.


gLaptop(http://www.scs.unr.edu/~scottf/glaptop/) is a front-end for several common laptop functions. "Everything Laptop" software for GNOME. Features include:

Not yet supported:


Apmiser(http://www.sifry.com/apmiser/) is a daemon that monitors the CPU usage patterns of your laptop and automatically switches between power-saving mode (in which the CPU is underclocked) and normal mode, depending on whether it thinks you will need the extra CPU speed. This lets you leave your laptop in it's power-saving state without having to suffer from poor performance when you need to perform a CPU-intensive task. Apmiser currently only supports IBM Thinkpads via tpctl(http://packages.debian.org/tpctl), but support can be easily added for any laptop that supports switching power-saving modes programmatically.

Updating Firmware

AFAIK there is no Linux program to update firmware (BIOS, PCMCIA). Though I have heard there have been some efforts.

Including of Unofficial Packages

The below mentioned list of suggested packages contains some packages which are not officially Debian yet. Would be nice if they could find their way into official Debian/GNU Linux.


Laptop related documentation could be provided by the Linux-Mobile-Guide (since the HOWTO is now part of the Linux Documentation Project - LDP I suppose this is available as a Debian package already, I have applied as a Debian maintainer anyway) and a Debian Laptop FAQ. Laptop related installation methods are already part of the installation docs.

Configuration Settings

Laptop friendly config settings, e.g. cron.daily should only run disk intensive jobs when the laptop is connected to mains.


Though this proposal has got a good response already. I would like to have some more promotion.

Contact and Contributions

If you like to contribute a package please read the according documentation (Developers Reference and others). Apply as a Debian maintainer and announce your project at the according Debian mailing list(s). You may also contact me, though it seems better to discuss all projects together. Be aware this is no official Debian project yet.


I suppose this proposal needs some discussion and I would appreciate your comments. A discussion of this topic takes place at the debian-laptop mailing list. This list is highly recommended ;-) You may subscribe at Debian/GNU Linux(http://www.debian.org) .

If you like to contribute a package please read the according documentation (Developers Reference and others). And announce your project at the according Debian mailing list(s). You may also contact me, though it seems better to discuss all projects together.

Note: My suggestions about optimization are controversial. They probably need some examination and benchmarking before going this way or not.

Though some of the thoughts outlined above, might fit for desktops as well, I will concentrate on laptops here.

Werner Heuser <wehe_at_tuxmobil.org>

Related Projects

Other Debian projects related to mobile computing:


Debian offers a `debian-laptop`(http://lists.debian.org/) mailing list. And on IRCnet you may find the #debian-laptop channel.

Useful Packages

Currently I have information about Intel based i386 packages only. My apologies to users of other CPUs. Please let me know if there are Debian packages which work on other portable computers, too. But you may search the build logs(http://buildd.debian.org/build.php) for the availability of packages for other architectures. For Apple iBook you may especially look up the Branden Robinson [archived link] page. Though my suggestions might seem eclectic, I hope they are useful to show the scope of packages which are related to laptops and notebooks in different senses. Unofficial packages not included into Debian yet are marked with an asterisk.

Program Description project page


Kernel-2.4.x IrDA, PCMCIA, (USB), (Framebuffer), (Mobile IP) TuxMobil
pcmcia-cs(http://packages.debian.org/pcmcia-cs) PCMCIA Card Services for Kernel <2.4 only
pcmciautils(http://packages.debian.org/pcmciautils) PCMCIA utilities for Linux 2.6  
hotplug(http://packages.debian.org/hotplug) Linux Hotplug Scripts  
hotplug-utils(http://packages.debian.org/hotplug-utils) Linux Hotplug utility programs  
murasaki(http://packages.debian.org/murasaki) automatically loads and unloads modules for USB, CardBus, network, etc using "Hotplug" in Linux 2.4 - deprecated  
prelink(http://packages.debian.org/prelink) prelinking utility to speed up dynamic linking  

Internal Modem

sl-modem(http://debian.isg.ee.ethz.ch/public/) Driver for SmartLink Win-Modem (backport)  
sl-modem-daemon(http://packages.debian.org/sl-modem-daemon) sl modem daemon  
mwavem(http://packages.debian.org/mwavem) Mwave/ACP modem support  

Input Devices

gpm(http://packages.debian.org/gpm) General Purpose Mouse Manager (versions >= 1.18 contain Synaptics touchpad support)  
qsynaptics(http://packages.debian.org/qsynaptics) Qt application to configure Synaptic TouchPad  
ksynaptics(http://packages.debian.org/ksynaptics) KDE application to configure Synaptics TouchPad  
gsynaptics(http://packages.debian.org/gsynaptics) configuration tool for Synaptics touchpad driver of X server  
xfree86-driver-synaptics(http://packages.debian.org/xfree86-driver-synaptics) X11 (X.Org/XFree86) driver for the Synaptics touchpad  
cpad-kernel-source(http://packages.debian.org/cpad-kernel-source) source for the Synaptics cPad driver  
xmonobut(http://packages.debian.org/xmonobut) simple X11 application that modifys mouse button mapping  
rsjog(http://packages.debian.org/rsjog) handler for Sony Vaio "Jog Dial"  
vaiostat-source(http://packages.debian.org/vaiostat-source) Sony Vaio status and control kernel module (source)  
motioneye(http://packages.debian.org/motioneye) PPM/JPG snapshots or MJPEG compressed video on Sony Vaio laptops  
sjog(http://packages.debian.org/sjog) program to use the "Jog Dial" on Sony Vaio Laptops  
spicctrl(http://packages.debian.org/spicctrl) Sony Vaio controller program to set LCD backlight brightness  


irda-utils(http://packages.debian.org/irda-utils) utilities to use kernel IrDA support (former packages irda-tools, irda-common) Linux IrDA Project(http://irda.sourceforge.net/)
openobex-apps(http://packages.debian.org/openobex-apps) Object Exchange Protocol apps  
obexserver(http://packages.debian.org/obexserver) Receive files with OBEX protocol  
qobex(http://packages.debian.org/qobex) swiss army knife for the OBject EXchange (obex) protocol  
cobex(http://packages.debian.org/cobex) connector for mobile devices  
obexfs(http://packages.debian.org/obexfs) Mount filesystem of ObexFTP capable devices  
ircp(http://packages.debian.org/ircp) utility for *beaming* files via IrDA  


bluez-sdp(http://packages.debian.org/bluez-sdp) BlueZ Bluetooth SDP daemon and tool  
bluez-pcmcia(http://packages.debian.org/bluez-pcmcia) PCMCIA support files for BlueZ 2.0 Bluetooth tools  
bluez-utils(http://packages.debian.org/bluez-utils) utilities for controlling Bluetooth devices  
bluez-pan(http://packages.debian.org/bluez-pan) personal area networking for Bluetooth devices  
bluez-pin(http://packages.debian.org/bluez-pin) Bluetooth PIN helper with D-BUS support  
affix(http://packages.debian.org/affix) User space utilities for the Affix Bluetooth protocol stack  
bluemon(http://packages.debian.org/bluemon) activate or deactivate programs based on bluetooth link quality  


wireless-tools(http://packages.debian.org/wireless-tools) tools for manipulating Linux Wireless Extensions  
wpasupplicant(http://packages.debian.org/wpasupplicant) client support for WPA and WPA2 (IEEE 802.11i)  
kwlan(http://packages.debian.org/kwlan) WPA-supplicant frontend for KDE  
wpagui(http://packages.debian.org/wpagui) GUI for wpa_supplicant  
xsupplicant(http://packages.debian.org/xsupplicant) 802.1x and 802.11i supplicant (client)  
linux-wlan-ng(http://packages.debian.org/linux-wlan-ng) utilities for wireless prism2 cards  
kwirelessmonitor(http://packages.debian.org/kwirelessmonitor) wireless interface monitor for KDE systray  
antennavis(http://packages.debian.org/antennavis) antenna visualisation software  
wmwave(http://packages.debian.org/wmwave) monitor status of an 802.11 wireless ethernet link  
kwavecontrol(http://packages.debian.org/kwavecontrol) wireless device monitoring application for KDE  
wavemon(http://packages.debian.org/wavemon) Wireless Device Monitoring Application  
kwifimanager(http://packages.debian.org/kwifimanager) KDE Wireless Lan Manager  
gkrellmwireless(http://packages.debian.org/gkrellmwireless) 802.11 wireless link monitor plugin for GKrellM  
hostapd(http://packages.debian.org/hostapd) user space IEEE 802.11 AP and IEEE 802.1X/WPA/WPA2/EAP Authenticator  

Wireless Sniffing

kismet(http://packages.debian.org/kismet) wireless 802.11b monitoring tool  
prismstumbler(http://packages.debian.org/prismstumbler) wireless network sniffer  
aircrack(http://packages.debian.org/aircrack) wireless WEP cracker  
aircrack-ng(http://packages.debian.org/aircrack-ng) Wireless WEP/WPA cracking utilities  
airsnort(http://packages.debian.org/airsnort) WLAN sniffer  
swscanner(http://packages.debian.org/swscanner) simple wireless scanner  
wifi-radar(http://packages.debian.org/wifi-radar) Graphical utility for managing Wi-Fi profiles  
weplab(http://packages.debian.org/weplab) Tool designed to break WEP keys.  

Mobile AdHoc Networking - MANET

olsrd(http://packages.debian.org/olsrd) Optimised link-state routing daemon (unik-olsrd)  
mobilemesh(http://packages.debian.org/mobilemesh) mobile adhoc networking  
waproamd(http://packages.debian.org/waproamd) WLAN roaming daemon obsolet, use wpasupplicant(http://www.vollink.com/gary/deb_wifi.html)

WireLess LAN Drivers

acx100-source(http://packages.debian.org/acx100-source) ACX100/ACX111 wireless network drivers source  
atmel-firmware(http://packages.debian.org/atmel-firmware) firmware for Atmel at76c50x wireless networking chips  
wmaloader(http://packages.debian.org/wmaloader) firmware downloader for Linksys WMA11B media adapter  
ipw2100-source(http://packages.debian.org/ipw2100-source) source for the ipw2100 driver  
ipw2200-source(http://packages.debian.org/ipw2200-source) source for the ipw2200 driver  
firmware-iwlwifi(http://packages.debian.org/firmware-iwlwifi) Binary firmware for Intel Wireless Intel 4965 WiFi on Debian HOWTO(http://www.nanonanonano.net/linux/debian/iwlwifi)
ndiswrapper(http://packages.debian.org/ndiswrapper) userspace utilities for ndiswrapper  
ndiswrapper-source(http://packages.debian.org/ndiswrapper-source) source for the ndiswrapper linux kernel module  
ndiswrapper-intel2100b(http://packages.debian.org/ndiswrapper-intel2100b) installer for the Intel PRO/Wireless Lan 2100b drivers  
ndiswrapper-utils(http://packages.debian.org/ndiswrapper-utils) userspace utilities for ndiswrapper  
linux-wlan-ng(http://packages.debian.org/linux-wlan-ng) utilities for wireless prism2 cards  
madwifi(http://debian.isg.ee.ethz.ch/public/) Driver for Atheros Wireless Cards  
hostap-source(http://packages.debian.org/hostap-source) software access point driver for Prism2 based 802.11  
hostap-utils(http://packages.debian.org/hostap-utils) utility programs for Host AP driver for Intersil Prism2/2.5/3  
ap-utils(http://packages.debian.org/ap-utils) Access Point SNMP Utils for Linux  
airo-mpi(http://debian.isg.ee.ethz.ch/public/) Driver for Cisco MPI 350 Wireless Card  
Orinoco wireless drivers deb http://math.mit.edu/~pezz/debian ./  
rt2500(http://packages.debian.org/rt2500) configuration tool for wireless RT2500 network cards  
rt2500-source(http://packages.debian.org/rt2500-source) RT2500 wireless network drivers source  
wlassistant(http://packages.debian.org/wlassistant) user friendly KDE frontend for wireless network connection  
airport-utils(http://packages.debian.org/airport-utils) configuration and management utilities for Apple AirPort base stations  


xresprobe(http://packages.debian.org/xresprobe) probes laptop and DDC-compliant screens for their standard resolutions  
videogen(http://packages.debian.org/videogen) small but nice utility to create modelines you can insert to your XF86Config file  
fbset(http://packages.debian.org/fbset) framebuffer device maintenance program  
xserver-fbdev(http://packages.debian.org/xserver-fbdev) X server for framebuffer-based graphics drivers  
xviddetect(http://packages.debian.org/xviddetect) detects which X server to install, by running a non-invasive PCI scan this package is no longer available
xserver-svga(http://packages.debian.org/xserver-svga) X server for SVGA graphics cards (contains NeoMagic support) XFree86 3.x  
XFree86 4.2 unofficial preliminary support  
XFree86 4.3 unofficial preliminary support  
i810switch(http://packages.debian.org/i810switch) enables/disables video output to CRT/LCD on i810 video hardware i810switch(http://www16.plala.or.jp/mano-a-mano/i810switch.html)
nvtv(http://packages.debian.org/nvtv) tool to control TV chips on NVidia cards (TV-Out,VGA)  
atitvout(http://packages.debian.org/atitvout) ATI TV out support program  
radeontool(http://packages.debian.org/radeontool) utility to control ATI Radeon backlight functions on laptops  
855resolution(http://packages.debian.org/855resolution) resolution modify tool for Intel graphics chipset  
915resolution(http://packages.debian.org/915resolution) Resolution modify tool for Intel graphics chipset  
vbetool(http://packages.debian.org/vbetool) run real-mode video BIOS code to alter hardware state  

Power Management

powertop(http://packages.debian.org/powertop) Linux tool to find out what is using power on a laptop  
powermgmt-base(http://packages.debian.org/powermgmt-base) common utils and configs for power management  
longrun(http://packages.debian.org/longrun) Transmeta(TM) Crusoe(TM) LongRun(TM) utility  
wmlongrun(http://packages.debian.org/wmlongrun) a program to monitor longrun status  
cpufreqd(http://packages.debian.org/cpufreqd) SpeedStep applet clone  
cpudyn(http://packages.debian.org/cpudyn) CPU dynamic frequency control for processors with scaling  
powernowd(http://packages.debian.org/powernowd) control cpu speed and voltage using 2.6 kernel interface  
athcool(http://packages.debian.org/athcool) enable powersaving mode for Athlon/Duron processors  
laptop-mode-tools(http://packages.debian.org/laptop-mode-tools) Userland scripts to control "laptop mode"  
gnome-cpufreq-applet(http://packages.debian.org/gnome-cpufreq-applet) CPU Frequency Scaling Monitor applet for GNOME  
cpufrequtils(http://packages.debian.org/cpufrequtils) utilities to deal with the cpufreq Linux kernel feature  
sleepd(http://packages.debian.org/sleepd) puts a laptop to sleep during inactivity  
kpowersave(http://packages.debian.org/kpowersave) frontend to powersave for setting user specific policies  
powersaved(http://packages.debian.org/powersaved) power management daemon  
gnome-power-manager(http://packages.debian.org/gnome-power-manager) frontend for gnome-powermanager  
pm-utils(http://packages.debian.org/pm-utils) utilities and scripts for power management  


apmd(http://packages.debian.org/apmd) utilities for Advanced Power Management (APM) (for older laptops) apmd(http://worldvisions.ca/~apenwarr/apmd/)
wmapm(http://packages.debian.org/wmapm) an APM display program designed for Windowmaker  
lphdisk(http://packages.debian.org/lphdisk) utility for preparing a hibernation partition for APM Suspend-To-Disk Patrick D. Ashmore(http://www.procyon.com/~pda/lphdisk/)


acpid(http://packages.debian.org/acpid) supports the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) acpid(http://acpi.sourceforge.net/)
acpi(http://packages.debian.org/acpi) displays information on ACPI devices  
acpidump(http://packages.debian.org/acpidump) utilities to dump system's ACPI tables to an ASCII file  
acpitool(http://packages.debian.org/acpitool) a small, convenient command-line ACPI client  
acpi-support(http://packages.debian.org/acpi-support) collection of useful events for ACPI  
yacpi(http://packages.debian.org/yacpi) ncurses based ACPI monitor for text mode  
iasl(http://packages.debian.org/iasl) Intel ASL compiler/decompiler  
hibernate(http://packages.debian.org/hibernate) activates your computer's suspend functionality  
suspend2-userui(http://packages.debian.org/suspend2-userui) user-space interfaces for software suspend2  
uswsusp(http://packages.debian.org/uswsusp) Tools to use userspace software suspend provided by Linux.  

Cron Jobs

fcron(http://packages.debian.org/fcron) cron-like scheduler with extended capabilities well suited to use on laptops  
anacron(http://packages.debian.org/anacron) a cron-like program that doesn't go by time  

Hard Disk

noflushd(http://packages.debian.org/noflushd) noflushd monitors disk activity and spins down disks that have been idle for more than <timeout> seconds noflushd(http://noflushd.sourceforge.net/), requires kernel >=2.2.11
hdparm(http://packages.debian.org/hdparm) tune hard disk parameters for high performance  
hdaps-utils(http://packages.debian.org/hdaps-utils) HDAPS (IBM Hard Drive Active Protection System) utilities  

Battery Management

battfink(http://packages.debian.org/battfink) GNOME power management configuration  
klaptopdaemon(http://packages.debian.org/klaptopdaemon) battery monitoring and management for laptops  
battstat-applet(http://packages.debian.org/battstat-applet) battery status applet for GNOME  
battery-stats(http://packages.debian.org/battery-stats) provides battery statistics and a simple graph battery-stats(http://www.karl.jorgensen.com/battery-stats)
gkrellm-x86info(http://packages.debian.org/gkrellm-x86info) gkrellm plugin displaying the current processor speed  
wmbattery(http://packages.debian.org/wmbattery) displays laptop battery info, dockable in Windowmaker  
wmacpi(http://packages.debian.org/wmacpi) an ACPI battery monitor for WindowMaker  
xfce4-battery-plugin(http://packages.debian.org/xfce4-battery-plugin) battery monitor plugin for the XFce4 panel  
ibam(http://packages.debian.org/ibam) advanced battery monitor for laptops  
gkrellm-ibam(http://packages.debian.org/gkrellm-ibam) advanced battery monitor for laptops - gkrellm plugin  
xapm(http://packages.debian.org/xapm) X program to monitor APM battery status  
xbatt(http://packages.debian.org/xbatt) display battery status  
xbattbar(http://packages.debian.org/xbattbar) display battery status in X11  

Different Environments - Consistent Data

rocks(http://packages.debian.org/rocks) make network sockets reliable in a transparent way  
tra(http://packages.debian.org/tra) file-system synchronizer  
CODA(http://www.coda.cs.cmu.edu/) * filesystem for mobile computers CODA(http://www.coda.cs.cmu.edu/)
sitecopy(http://packages.debian.org/sitecopy) a program for managing a WWW site via FTP  
rsync(http://packages.debian.org/rsync) fast remote file copy program (like rcp)  
multisync(http://packages.debian.org/multisync) program to synchronize PIM data  
unison(http://packages.debian.org/unison) file-synchronization tool for Unix and Windows  

Different Environments - Configurations

Dynamics HUT(http://www.cs.hut.fi/Research/Dynamics/) * Mobile IP Dynamics HUT(http://www.cs.hut.fi/Research/Dynamics/)
ifupdown-roaming * extends the ifupdown package for better support to roam from one network environment to another Thomas Hood(http://panopticon.csustan.edu/thood/ifupdown-roaming.html)
resolvconf(http://packages.debian.org/resolvconf) * contains the infrastructure for sane updating of /etc/resolv.conf as interfaces go up and down and DNS caches start and stop  
whereami(http://packages.debian.org/whereami) automatically reconfigure your (laptop) system for a new location  
divine(http://packages.debian.org/divine) locates current network address via arp requests and performs light reconfigurations based on its findings, see also intuitively(http://packages.debian.org/intuitively)  
mobilemesh(http://packages.debian.org/mobilemesh) mobile adhoc networking  
intuitively(http://packages.debian.org/intuitively) select network configuration appropriate to current environment  
netenv(http://packages.debian.org/netenv) at boot time, set environment variables to interactively selected values  
dhcpcd(http://packages.debian.org/dhcpcd) DHCP client for automatically configuring IPv4 networking  
laptop-net(http://packages.debian.org/laptop-net) continually select network configuration  
laptop-net-doc(http://packages.debian.org/laptop-net-doc) automatically adapt laptop ethernet - documentation  
laptop-netconf(http://packages.debian.org/laptop-netconf) network detection and configuration program  
switchconf(http://packages.debian.org/switchconf) switch between system configuration sets  
guessnet(http://packages.debian.org/guessnet) mapping script for ifupdown, report current network environment to ifup, allowing ifup to select network configuration appropriate to current environment  

Virtual Private Networks/Tunneling

cipe-common(http://packages.debian.org/cipe-common) common files for CIPE VPN software  
pptp-linux(http://packages.debian.org/pptp-linux) PPTP Microsoft Compatible Tunneling Protocol  
tunnelv(http://packages.debian.org/tunnelv) encrypted network connection within a TCP/IP connection  

Specific Laptops and Notebooks

ACER TravelMate 292 non-official packages (hotkeys, WLAN, OpenGL, ...) Linux on ACER Travelmate 292(http://stefans.datenbruch.de/acerTM292/)
ASUS M2400N non-official packages home
i8kutils(http://packages.debian.org/i8kutils) Dell Inspiron and Latitude laptop utilities  
gkrellm-i8k(http://packages.debian.org/gkrellm-i8k) Dell Inspiron and Latitude module for GKrellM2 (i8krellm)  
toshiba-fan(http://packages.debian.org/toshiba-fan) turn the fan on a Toshiba Pentium laptop on or off  
toshiba-hotkey(http://packages.debian.org/toshiba-hotkey) display a window when changing modes on a Toshiba laptop  
toshset(http://packages.debian.org/toshset) Toshiba laptop utilities  
toshutils(http://packages.debian.org/toshutils) Toshiba laptop utilities orphaned
thotswap(http://packages.debian.org/thotswap) change the device in the SelectBay of a Toshiba laptop without rebooting Tim Stadelmann (hotswap)(http://timstadelmann.de/hotswap.html)
fnfxd(http://packages.debian.org/fnfxd) ACPI and hotkey daemon for Toshiba laptops. fnfxd(http://fnfx.sourceforge.net/)
fnfx-client(http://packages.debian.org/fnfx-client) Client for customize fnfxd hot-keys  
tpctl(http://packages.debian.org/tpctl) ThinkPad Configuration Tools for Linux tpctl(http://tpctl.sourceforge.net/tpctlhome.htm)
tpb(http://packages.debian.org/tpb) program to use the IBM ThinkPad(tm) special keys  
ibm-acpi(http://debian.isg.ee.ethz.ch/public/) IBM ThinkPad ACPI Extras Driver  
hdapsd(http://packages.debian.org/hdapsd) HDAPS daemon for IBM/Lenovo ThinkPads.  
thinkfinger thinkfinger: fingerprint reader configuration(http://www.rubixlinux.org/debian/thinkfinger/)
tp-smapi The harddisk protection does not work with the mainline kernel hdaps driver. Use this package from instead. (http://debian.die-welt.net/pool/main/tp-smapi/)
kernel-patch-tpsmapi(http://packages.debian.org/kernel-patch-tpsmapi) ThinkPad SMAPI BIOS patch for the Linux Kernel  
gaim-thinklight(http://packages.debian.org/gaim-thinklight) Blinks your ThinkPad's ThinkLight upon new messages  
rocklight(http://packages.debian.org/rocklight) Xmms visualisation plugin for Thinklights on IBM Thinkpads.  
pommed(http://packages.debian.org/pommed) Apple MacBook & PowerBook hotkeys event handler source(http://technologeek.org/projects/pommed/index.html)
gpomme(http://packages.debian.org/gpomme) graphical client for pommed  
wmpomme(http://packages.debian.org/wmpomme) WindowMaker dockapp client for pommed  
pbbuttonsd(http://packages.debian.org/pbbuttonsd) PBButtons daemon to handle special hotkeys of Apple computers  
pbbuttonsd-dev(http://packages.debian.org/pbbuttonsd-dev) Development files for PBButtons  
gtkpbbuttons-common(http://packages.debian.org/gtkpbbuttons-common) GTK client for pbbuttonsd -- themes and other common data  
picturebook(http://packages.debian.org/picturebook) utilities for the SONY VAIO PictureBook  
keytouch(http://packages.debian.org/keytouch) Program to configure the extra function keys of multimedia keyboards.  
hotkey-setup(http://packages.debian.org/hotkey-setup) auto-configures laptop hotkeys  
hotkeys(http://packages.debian.org/hotkeys) A hotkeys daemon for your Internet/multimedia keyboard in X.  
kmilo(http://packages.debian.org/kmilo) laptop special keys support for KDE  

Removable Storage

pmount(http://packages.debian.org/pmount) mount removable devices as normal user  
lsscsi(http://packages.debian.org/lsscsi) list all SCSI devices (or hosts) currently on system  
usbmount(http://packages.debian.org/usbmount) automatically mount and unmount USB mass storage devices  
mountpy(http://packages.debian.org/mountpy) script for quick mounting of removable devices  

Mobile Solutions

timidity(http://packages.debian.org/timidity) a software-only MIDI sequencer, requires no hardware specific MIDI port  
lshw(http://packages.debian.org/lshw) list hardware in TXT or HTML  
lanoche(http://packages.debian.org/lanoche) generates a HTML report of laptop hardware (deprecated) lanoche(software.html)
dgpsip(http://packages.debian.org/dgpsip) correct GPS location with DGPS signal from internet  
sattrack(http://packages.debian.org/sattrack) satellite tracker and prediction  
seesat5(http://packages.debian.org/seesat5) a satellite location program  

Smart Cards

libmusclepkcs11(http://packages.debian.org/libmusclepkcs11) PKCS support  
libcflexplugin(http://packages.debian.org/libcflexplugin) SmartCard support Schlumberger CryptoFlex  
libmcardplugin(http://packages.debian.org/libmcardplugin) SmartCard support JavaCard  
xcardii(http://packages.debian.org/xcardii) GUI to manage smart cards  
muscletools(http://packages.debian.org/muscletools) command line tools to manage smart cards  

Limited Resources/Optimization

pentium-builder(http://packages.debian.org/pentium-builder) force pentium optimized compilation  
upx-ucl(http://packages.debian.org/upx-ucl) an efficient live-compressor for executables  
perforate(http://packages.debian.org/perforate) utilities to save disk space  
hdparm(http://packages.debian.org/hdparm) tune hard disk parameters for high performance  
systune(http://packages.debian.org/systune) writes kernel parameters, previously saved in a configuration file, to the /proc filesystem  
parted(http://packages.debian.org/parted) allows you to create, destroy, resize and copy partitions  
set6x86(http://packages.debian.org/set6x86) modify the internal configuration registers in the 5x86 and 6x86 CPU (note: causes trouble with some hardware, during boot)  
dbuild(http://packages.debian.org/dbuild) take one or more Debian source packages and build the corresponding binary packages  
task-laptop(http://packages.debian.org/task-laptop) meta package for laptop support - deprecated  
education-laptop(http://packages.debian.org/education-laptop) metapackage containing dependencies for packages required on all laptop installations DebianEdu  
powertweak(http://packages.debian.org/powertweak) a tool for tweaking Linux systems to peak performance  
gok(http://packages.debian.org/gok) GNOME Onscreen Keyboard  
tpconfig(http://packages.debian.org/tpconfig) A program to configure touchpad devices  
hotswap(http://packages.debian.org/hotswap) register/deregister hotswappable IDE hardware  
hotswap-gui(http://packages.debian.org/hotswap-gui) (de)register hotswappable IDE hardware (GUI front-ends)  
hotswap-text(http://packages.debian.org/hotswap-text) (de)register hotswappable IDE hardware (command line tool)  
bcm4400-source(http://packages.debian.org/bcm4400-source) module source for Broadcom's bcm4400 ethernet driver  


hotkeys(http://packages.debian.org/hotkeys) daemon for your Internet/multimedia keyboard  
klineakconfig(http://packages.debian.org/klineakconfig) KDE configurator for lineakd  
acme(http://packages.debian.org/acme) provides support for the multimedia keys found on laptops  


aes2501-wy(http://packages.debian.org/aes2501-wy) userspace software for USB aes2501 fingerprint scanner  
laptop-detect(http://packages.debian.org/laptop-detect) attempt to detect a laptop  
xournal(http://packages.debian.org/xournal) GTK+ Application for note taking.  


I hope I didn't forget one.

        /* Adv.    Xtops.DE - Laptops and PDAs with pre-installed Linux   Adv. */        

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